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ulyan gerb 100Ulyanovsk is a city and the administrative center of Ulyanovsk Oblast, Russia, located on the Volga River 893 kilometers (555 mi) east from Moscow. Population: 613,786 (2010 Census); 635,947 (2002 Census); 625,155 (1989 Census). The city, originally founded as Simbirsk, is the birthplace of Vladimir Lenin (originally named Ulyanov), for whom it was renamed in 1924.


ulyan uaz 200Ulyanovsk is a major industrial city. The UAZ automobile manufacturing plant, Aviastar-SP Aircraft Company, and UMZ are based in the city along with a variety of light industry and food-processing enterprises.
Tourism is a growing business in the city and the surrounding area.
The 31st Airborne Brigade of the Russian Airborne Troops of the armed forces is based in Ulyanovsk. An ammunition depot on the outskirts of the city was the scene of a large fatal fire on November 13, 2009.


ulyan jdmost 200A railway bridge across the Volga was built in 1912–1916 and two automobile lanes were added to it in 1953–1958, allowing for the city to expand on the Eastern (left) bank of the river and transforming it into a local transport hub.
As the aging Ulyanovsk bridge, the only crossing of the Volga in the 400 km stretch from Kazan to Tolyatti, could no longer cope with the growing needs of the city, the construction of President Bridge, a truss bridge began in the late 1980s. ulyan sverhu 200Completion was delayed significantly due to catastrophic economic circumstances following the collapse of the Soviet Union. Its official opening ceremony was on 24 November 2009 by the Russian President Dmitry Medvedev - although traffic was using the bridge a few days earlier due arms depot blasts the bridge has a total length of 5.5 km, making it one of the longest in Europe.
The city is also divided by the river Sviyaga, a tributary of the Volga but whose confluence with it is about 200 km north of the city. Three bridges cross the Sviyaga are also in a poor condition but are being closed and renovated from 2010 onwards.
Public transportation in the city is provided by 17 tram lines, 7 trolleybus routes (and all tram lines are only in the left-bank part of the city, and all the trolley only on the left bank), 50 municipal bus routes, and about 150 minibus lines.
Ulyanovsk is served by the Ulyanovsk Vostochny Airport (the international airport) and Ulyanovsk Baratayevka Airport (Ulyanovsk Central Airport).


  • Ulyanovsk State Technical University, established in 1957 as Ulyanovskulyan univer 150 Polytech University. Today Ulyanovsk State Technical University features over 14000 students on different education programs at 10 faculties and 48 departments.
  • Ulyanovsk State University, established in 1988 as a branch of Moscow State University. At the present time, UlSU is one of the largest higher educational institutions in the Volga region, comprising 6 institutes, 6 independent faculties, 2 affiliates, 5 junior colleges, 6 learning centers. UlSU enrolls about 15 thousand students annually, among them 125 foreign citizens from 20 countries of the world.
  • Ulyanovsk State Pedagogical University.

There is also a number of technical and medical colleges in Ulyanovsk.


ulyan arh 200During the Soviet period, Ulyanovsk lost much of its historical heritage. All traces of the original wooden fort are gone, as are all the churches of old Simbirsk; only a few 19th century buildings remain in the city, most notably the houses where Lenin lived between 1870–1887. The reconstruction of the Cathedral of the Holy Trinity was considered, but has since been canceled. However, historical constructions have remained many. Among them the house in which writer Goncharov was born, Protestant church and other buildings.


Volga plays in the highest division of the Russian Bandy League. The other club Simbirsk plays in the 2nd division. An indoor arena for bandy (Russian hockey) is under construction, as one of the first in Russia, and will be ready for use in November 2013 with a capacity of 5 000. The outdoor stadium will be modernized and have a capacity of 18 00.
In association football, FC Volga plays in "Urals-Volga" zone of the Russian Second Division.